Frontend development sphere is moving rapidly, and having holistic knowledge of the trends can make a huge difference in building better technology solutions. The number of technologies, frameworks keep on changing from time to time. So we would like to take this opportunity to highlight some interesting design trends that might turn out to be a great help to you.
Atomic design is the theory inspired by Chemistry and proposed by Brad Frost, which correlates components of the web application with the composition of atoms. Just like any matter, Atom combines to form molecules that combine to form complex organisms; Atomic design is based on the concept of breaking website components into basic elements and then working with them to build the website. It is an approach to create a design system with simpler elements and consists of 5 different levels, which are:
Any matter is made up of atoms, it is an elementary unit of everything. Just like that, web interfaces are made up of HTML tags, buttons, color pallets, animations, and other similar abstract elements.
Molecules are a group of atoms that are bonded together. So in a design system, these molecules with their own characteristics and functions serve as the backbone of the design system.
Molecules provide the building blocks, which combine together to form organisms. An organism consists of components like primary navigation, forms, social media integration, logo, etc. These are relatively complex and form various sections of the user interface.
At this stage, the atom-molecule-organism analogy is broken and gets into terms which are more related to frontend development, and this is the state where clients start seeing their designs in place.
Pages are formed by putting together a number of templates, and dummy content is replaced by actual content to provide an accurate illustration of user experience. This is where things start to look like the proposed page layouts. Atomic design presents itself with a clear approach for crafting complex and scalable user interfaces. Some of the benefits of Atomic Design are:
- Easy to understand layout
- Consistent code
- Easier to update, remove and add new sections
- Rapid prototyping with reusable elements
Intuitive frontend development is difficult, and large scale, complex frontend development were multiple teams working together is even more troublesome. Breaking the frontend development into more manageable tasks turns out to be more effective and efficient.
Micro frontend is a pattern of developing web application user interfaces or frontends which is basically a compilation of semi-independent fragments developed in different technologies by different teams, the independent teams are cross-functional and comprehensively build features from user interface to database. This facilitates the development of robust and feature-rich web applications.
Micro frontend allows the same amount of flexibility and speed that backend team gets from microservices.
Here are some of the benefits of Micro Frontends:
- Upgradation – User Interface improvement becomes easier
- Facilitates continuous deployment
- Simplifies the whole testing process
- Rapid Development and deployment
- Higher agility
- Smaller and manageable codes
- Scalable and efficient architecture for remote or separated teams
Encapsulation is an important aspect of the web components, which is basically able to keep markup styles, markup structure, etc. hidden from other code so that there is no conflict between different parts and with ability to maintain clean code. Shadow DOM API is the key to link masked DOM to an element. Document object model, or commonly known as ‘DOM,’ facilitates the hidden DOM trees to be linked to the elements of regular DOM trees.
In layman’s language, you can comprehend Shadow DOM as DOM within a DOM. It is a DOM tree which with its own elements and styles, is isolated from initial DOM.
Shadow DOM is not a recent thing, and browsers have been using it for a very long time to encapsulate the inner structure. It is perfectly compatible with all web components; it can be linked to every available element and is supported by every browser.
Shadow DOM gives prowess to the developer to create components that can be embedded in any web page without fear about the fact that styling might bleed into other webpages. It is also recognized as the prominent solution to the true encapsulation of styles for web components.
In our next article, We will be covering remaining frontend development methodologies that are useful in building intuitive user interfaces. To learn more about these concepts, why they are useful, where they are useful, you can get in touch with one of our senior consultants.