High blood pressure, or hypertension, is present when blood pressure increases to unhealthy levels. Your blood pressure measurement takes into account how much blood flows through your blood vessels and how much resistance the blood encounters while the heart pumps.
Narrow arteries heighten the resistance. The thinner your arteries are, the higher will be the blood pressure. Increased pressure can lead to health problems over the long term like heart disease.
It is quite normal to have hypertension, indeed, as the recommendations have recently changed.
Early detection is crucial. Regular reading of your blood pressure will help you, and your doctor notices any changes. If your blood pressure is high, your doctor may have you check your blood pressure for a few weeks to see if the number remains high or is dropping back to normal levels.
Hypertension treatment requires both prescribed medication and improvements in healthy lifestyles. If the condition is not treated, it may cause health problems, including heart attack and stroke. Products can be purchased from the digital healthcare equipment provider or buy medical equipment online.
What are the symptoms of hypertension?
Hypertension is typically a condition of silence. Many people will not experience symptoms at all. The disorder can take years or even decades to reach levels extreme enough for signs to become evident. Those symptoms can be related to other problems even then.
Symptoms of severe hypertension can include:
- shortness of breath
- chest pain
- visual changes
- blood in the urine
These symptoms require immediate medical attention. They don’t occur in everyone with hypertension, but waiting for a symptom of this condition to appear could be fatal.
The best way to know if you have hypertension is to get regular blood pressure readings. Most doctors’ offices take a blood pressure reading at every appointment.
If you have only one exam per year, speak to your doctor about your cholesterol symptoms and other tests you may need to support you control your blood pressure.
For example, if you have a history of heart disease in your family or have risk factors in developing the disorder, your doctor might suggest that you test your blood pressure twice a year. It lets you and the specialist stay on top of any problems before they get into trouble.
Treatment options for high blood pressure
A number of factors help your doctor determine the best treatment option for you. These factors include which type of hypertension you have and what causes have been identified.
Primary hypertension treatment options
If you are diagnosed with primary hypertension by a doctor, lifestyle changes will help lower your blood pressure. If changes in lifestyle alone do not work, or if they stop being successful, your doctor can prescribe medication.
Secondary hypertension treatment options
If your doctor finds an underlying issue that affects your hypertension, otherwise care should work on the other problem. For example, if a drug you have started to take induces higher blood pressure, the doctor can seek other drugs that do not have this side effect.
Sometimes, hypertension is persistent despite treatment for the underlying cause. In this case, your doctor may work with you to develop lifestyle changes and prescribe medications to help reduce your blood pressure.
Treatment plans for hypertension often evolve. What worked at first may become less useful over time. Your doctor will continue to work with you to refine your treatment.